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Subject Area - 3:
Science and Technology and Engineering Education
  • Standard Area - 3.1: Biological Sciences
  • Organizing Category - 3.1.B: Genetics
  • Course - 3.1.B.B: BIOLOGY
Standard - 3.1.B.B5


Describe how Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment can be observed through patterns of inheritance.

Distinguish among observed inheritance patterns caused by several types of genetic traits (dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked, polygenic, incomplete dominance, multiple alleles)


Explain how the processes of replication, transcription, and translation are similar in all organisms. Explain how gene actions, patterns of heredity, and reproduction of cells and organisms account for the continuity of life.


Demonstrate how inherited characteristics can be observed at the molecular, cellular, and organism levels.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.B.1

    Cell Growth and Reproduction

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.1.1

      Describe the three stages of the cell cycle: interphase, nuclear division, cytokinesis.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.B.2


    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.1

      Compare and contrast Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of inheritance.

      • Eligible Content - BIO.B.2.1.1 Describe and/or predict observed patterns of inheritance (i.e., dominant, recessive, co-dominance, incomplete dominance, sex-linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles).
      • Eligible Content - BIO.B.2.1.2 Describe processes that can alter composition or number of chromosomes (i.e., crossing-over, nondisjunction, duplication, translocation, deletion, insertion, and inversion).
    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.2

      Explain the process of protein synthesis (i.e., transcription, translation, and protein modification).

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.3

      Explain how genetic information is expressed.

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.4

      Apply scientific thinking, processes, tools, and technologies in the study of genetics.

      • Eligible Content - BIO.B.2.4.1 Explain how genetic engineering has impacted the fields of medicine, forensics, and agriculture (e.g., selective breeding, gene splicing, cloning, genetically modified organisms, gene therapy).
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