Informational Writing: Lesson 1 of 5
The student will
*recognize a narrative text (stories, poems, plays)
*recognize a multi-paragraph persuasive piece including a clearly stated opinion or position (speech, editorial, advertisements, pamphlets)
*identify an informational piece (descriptions, letters, reports and instructions)
Lesson Essential Question(s)
How do texts differ?
Why does a writer choose a particular form of writing?
How does reading a wide variety of texts expand our knowledge of the world?
90 minutes or 2 45 minute class periods.
*letter to the editor
Suggested Instructional Strategies
W: Students will be introduced to 3 different types of writing. Show students examples of narrative, persuasive and informational writing. Have students make observations of the various types of writing and the category they fall into.They will be (in a later lesson) asked to demonstrate their knowledge of informational writing.
H: Students will be demonstrating their knowledge of informational writing by designing their own informational brochure, power point or photo story or television commercial in Part 5 of this lesson.
E: Students will be given the opportunity to learn about the 3 different types of writing through powerpoint instruction, teacher directed and hands on learning.
R: Students will share their thoughts on writing and their upcoming projects.
E: Students will demonstrate their understanding by answering questions by the teacher through conversations, active engagements on the white board and the opportunity to blog on questions related to the lesson.
T: Instruction will be tailored by providing students the opportunity to use other means to express their understanding of the lesson. Tape recorders, small group discussion and guided reading in small groups.
O: Lesson will be large group sharing, powerpoint instructions, and independent work with newspapers and computers.
Explain to students that there are many different types of writing.Tell students that as writers you want them to know the differences between types of texts. We will be focusing on three different types in this lesson plan. (Please note that the actual writing portion of this lesson will come in a later lesson in this unit).
We will begin by introducing narrative writing. Narrative writing tells a story. Narrative writing appears in novels, short stories, biographies, autobiographies, historical accounts, poems, essays, and plays. Narrative writing allows the writer a chance to think and write about themselves. When we write a narrative essay, we are telling a story. The story is often the authors' point of view. Narrative writing relies on a personal experience. It is often filled with details that explain the story. The details must relate to the main idea.
Provide examples of narrative writing to the students. Resources may be obtained through your school library. Students will be given the opportunity to see what a biography, autobiography, historical account (from a social studies textbook), poem, and a play look like. You will find websites below that give great examples of different types of narrative writing. You will need to have a computer and projector available for the following links.
Powerpoint on narrative writing:
A powerpoint on narrative, persuasive and informational writing with the above mentioned links is available on a powerpoint. It can be located under materials and related materials and resources.
Persuasive writing will be the second type of writing that students will explore with their teacher. Persuasive writing intends to convince the reader of an opinion or position on something. Persuasive writing is usually a multi-paragraph piece and includes along with the clearly stated opinion, supporting details, citing sources when needed. We usually think of persuasive writing when we talk about speeches, editorials, letter to the editor, advertisements, pamphlets and opinion pieces. We need to develop reader interest in our subject area. The goal of persuasive writing is to get people to agree with you. It is heavily weighted in facts, not opinion.
The teacher will introduce some of the different forms of persuasive writing.These are some suggested links with examples of the types of persuasive writing mentioned above:
A newspaper would provide a number of examples of persuasive writing. As a follow-up to this part of the lesson, students can use a newspaper to locate either an advertisement or editorial in the paper. Students may work in small groups to share what they found. During this part of the lesson the teacher will be making informal observations and using questioning strategies with the students as the teacher circulates around the room. If available, the teacher may provide laptops or take students to the computer lab for the students to pull up the local newspaper to locate additional examples of persuasive writing.
In order to further explore persuasive writing a link with a writing workshop may be used at:
Teacher will provide students with the following document to assess their knowledge and understanding of the 3 types of writing covered in this lesson.
Teacher will complete formative assessments in the following ways:
* Informal Observation - teacher will continually assess the students on their level of understanding the differences between narrative text, persuasive text, and informational text
* Conversations - as the teacher circulates among the students, conversations with students will be on a continuous basis
* Questioning Strategies - the teacher will ask questions regarding the different types of writing covered in this lesson
* Active Engagement with the students by using think,pair, share; popsicle sticks; white boards
*Computers in the Classroom - students will be asked to blog with their classmates on the question posted regarding the different types of writing. Laptop computers will be used (if available) or a visit to the schools computer room
Related Materials & Resources
*http://www.biographycom. "Biography Resource Site". Bio.True Story, an affiliate of A & E Telivision Networks. Web. 10 Mar. 2010. <http://www.biography.com>.
*http://www.buzzle.com/articles/autobiography-examples.html ."Autobiography Resource site." Buzzle.com an affiliate of Really Simple Syndication. Web.10 March. 2010.< http://www.buzzle.com/articles/autobiography-examples.html>.
* http://www.types-of-poetry.org.uk/ . "Poetry Resource Site." Types of Poetry, an affiliate of Webmaster@types of poetry. Web. 10 March. 2010.
"Examples of Short Plays." Ten Minute Plays, an affiliate of Tate Publishing. Web. 11 March 2010. <http://www.sampost .com/ten-minute-plays>.
*http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=36. "Famous Speeches." Our Documents.gov, an affiliate of National Archives and Records Administration. Web. 12 March 2010. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=36>.
*http://adage.com/century/slogans/html. "Top Ads for the Year." Adage.com, an affiliate of Advertising Age Crain Communications, Inc. Web. 12 March 2010. <http://adage.com/century/slogans/html>.
*http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=4483. "6 Reasons to Use Informational Text in Primary Grade." Scholastic, an affiliate of Scholastic, Inc. Web. 14 March 2010.< http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=4483>.
*http://beyondpenguins.nsdl.org/information.php?topic=stories. "Example of an Informational Text." Beyond Penguins, an affiliate of Creative Commons License. Web. 15 March 2010. <http://beyondpenguins.nsdl.org/infomation.php?topic=stories>.
*http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=powerpoint+on+narrative+writing&start=10&sa=N. "Powerpoint on Narrative Writing, Primary Grades." Narrative Writing and Language at pppst.com. Web. 28 March 2010. http://www.google.com/search?<hl=en&q=powerpoint+on+narrative+writing&start=10&sa=N>.