Lesson Plan

Historical Perspectives


Grade Levels

Related Academic Standards

Assessment Anchors

Eligible Content

Big Ideas




Students will read several narratives by well-known authors and discuss their meaning in relation to cultural and historical perspectives. Students will: [IS.13 - Language Function]

  • evaluate the characteristics of narratives to determine how the form relates to purpose.
  • interpret and analyze the use of literary devices within and among texts.
  • evaluate the effectiveness of the author’s use of literary devices in various genres.
  • summarize, draw conclusions, and make generalizations using a variety of mediums.
  • identify and evaluate the structure, essential content, and author’s purpose between and among texts.
  • develop new and unique insights based on extended understanding derived from critical examination of texts.
  • analyze the historical and cultural influences in texts.

Essential Questions

  • How does interaction with text provoke thinking and response?


[IS.1 - Preparation ]

[IS.2 - ELP Standards]

[IS.3 - ELL Students]

  • Inference: A judgment based on reasoning rather than on direct or explicit statement. A conclusion based on facts or circumstances; understandings gained by “reading between the lines.” [IS.4 - All Students]
  • Literary Elements: The essential techniques used in literature (e.g., characterization, setting, plot, theme). [IS.5 - All Students]
  • Plot: The structure of a story. [IS.6 - All Students] The sequence in which the author arranges events in a story. The structure often includes the rising action, the climax, the falling action, and the resolution. [IS.7 - Struggling Learners] The plot may have a protagonist who is opposed by an antagonist, [IS.8 - All Students] creating what is called conflict. [IS.9 - All Students]
  • Point of View: The way in which an author reveals characters, events, and ideas in telling a story; the vantage point from which the story is told. [IS.10 - All Students]
  • Setting: The time and place in which a story unfolds.
  • Symbolism: A device in literature where an object represents an idea. [IS.11 - All Students]
  • Theme: A topic of discussion or writing; a major idea broad enough to cover the entire scope of a literary work. [IS.12 - All Students]


3–4 hours/3–4 class periods [IS.14 - Struggling Learners]

Prerequisite Skills


[IS.15 - ELL Students]

Note: A reading selection for the lesson should clearly reflect the influence of historical events on the work, and in particular on the people who experience the events. Additional materials should include historical information about these events and how the events shaped the cultural response. The suggested selections below have clearly defined and rich settings with well-developed characters, allowing for ample discussion of the works.

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Formative Assessment


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