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Subject Area - 3:
Science and Technology and Engineering Education
  • Standard Area - 3.3: Earth and Space Sciences
  • Organizing Category - 3.3.A: Earth Structure, Processes and Cycles
  • Grade Level - 3.3.5.A:

    GRADE 5

Standard - 3.3.5.A7
  • Understand how theories are developed.
  • Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations and evaluate the appropriateness of questions.
  • Design and conduct a scientific investigation and understand that current scientific knowledge guides scientific investigations.
  • Describe relationships using inference and prediction.
  • Use appropriate tools and technologies to gather, analyze, and interpret data and understand that it enhances accuracy and allows scientists to analyze and quantify results of investigations.
  • Develop descriptions, explanations, and models using evidence and understand that these emphasize evidence, have logically consistent arguments, and are based on scientific principles, models, and theories.
  • Analyze alternative explanations and understanding that science advances through legitimate skepticism.
  • Use mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.
  • Understand that scientific investigations may result in new ideas for study, new methods, or procedures for an investigation or new technologies to improve data collection.
  • Assessment Anchor - S5.B.3 Ecological Behavior and Systems
    • Anchor Descriptor - S5.B.3.1 Describe the relationships between organisms in different ecosystems.
    • Anchor Descriptor - S5.B.3.2 Explain how renewable and nonrenewable resources provide for human needs.
      • Eligible Content - S5.B.3.2.1 Identify fossil fuels and alternative fuels used by humans.
      • Eligible Content - S5.B.3.2.2 Describe the usefulness of Earth’s physical resources as raw materials for the human‐made world.
      • Eligible Content - S5.B.3.2.3 Explain how different items are recycled and reused.
  • Assessment Anchor - S5.C.1 Structure, Properties, and Interaction of Matter and Energy
  • Assessment Anchor - S5.D.1 Earth Features and Processes That Change Earth and Its Resources
    • Anchor Descriptor - S5.D.1.1 Describe constructive and destructive natural processes that form different geologic structures and resources.
      • Eligible Content - S5.D.1.1.1 Differentiate between abrupt changes in Earth’s surface (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes, meteor impacts, landslides) and gradual changes in Earth’s surface (e.g., lifting up of mountains, wearing away by erosion).
      • Eligible Content - S5.D.1.1.2 Explain how geological processes observed today (e.g., erosion, changes in the composition of the atmosphere, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes) are similar to those in the past.
    • Anchor Descriptor - S5.D.1.2 Describe characteristic features of Earth’s water systems and their impact on resources.
  • Assessment Anchor - S5.D.2 Weather, Climate, and Atmospheric Processes
    • Anchor Descriptor - S5.D.2.1 Differentiate between weather and climate.
      • Eligible Content - S5.D.2.1.1 Explain how the cycling of water into and out of the atmosphere impacts climatic patterns.
      • Eligible Content - S5.D.2.1.2 Explain the effects of oceans and lakes on climate.
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