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Subject Area - 3:
Science and Technology and Engineering Education
  • Standard Area - 3.1: Biological Sciences
  • Organizing Category - 3.1.A: Organisms and Cells
  • Course - 3.1.B.A: BIOLOGY
Standard - 3.1.B.A5

Relate the structure of cell organelles to their function (energy capture and release, transport, waste removal, protein synthesis, movement, etc).

Explain the role of water in cell metabolism.

Explain how the cell membrane functions as a regulatory structure and protective barrier for the cell.

Describe transport mechanisms across the plasma membrane.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.A.1

    Basic Biological Principles

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.A.1.1

      Explain the characteristics common to all organisms.

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.A.1.2

      Describe relationships between structure and function at biological levels of organization.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.A.2

    The Chemical Basis for Life

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.A.2.1

      Describe how the unique properties of water support life on Earth.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.A.3


    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.A.3.1

      Identify and describe the cell structures involved in processing energy.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.A.4

    Homeostasis and Transport

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.A.4.1

      Identify and describe the cell structures involved in transport of materials into, out of and throughout a cell.

      • Eligible Content - BIO.A.4.1.1 Describe how the structure of the plasma membrane allows it to function as a regulatory structure and/or protective barrier for a cell.
      • Eligible Content - BIO.A.4.1.2 Compare and contrast the mechanisms that transport materials across the plasma membrane (i.e., passive transport -- diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion; active transport -- pumps, endocytosis, exocytosis).
      • Eligible Content - BIO.A.4.1.3 Describe how endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and other membrane-bound cellular organelles facilitate transport of materials within cells.
    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.A.4.2

      Explain mechanisms that permit organisms to maintain biological balance between their internal and external environments.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.B.1

    Cell Growth and Reproduction

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.1.1

      Describe the three stages of the cell cycle: interphase, nuclear division, cytokinesis.

  • Assessment Anchor - BIO.B.2


    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.1

      Compare and contrast Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of inheritance.

      • Eligible Content - BIO.B.2.1.1 Describe and/or predict observed patterns of inheritance (i.e., dominant, recessive, co-dominance, incomplete dominance, sex-linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles).
      • Eligible Content - BIO.B.2.1.2 Describe processes that can alter composition or number of chromosomes (i.e., crossing-over, nondisjunction, duplication, translocation, deletion, insertion, and inversion).
    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.2

      Explain the process of protein synthesis (i.e., transcription, translation, and protein modification).

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.3

      Explain how genetic information is expressed.

    • Anchor Descriptor - BIO.B.2.4

      Apply scientific thinking, processes, tools, and technologies in the study of genetics.

      • Eligible Content - BIO.B.2.4.1 Explain how genetic engineering has impacted the fields of medicine, forensics, and agriculture (e.g., selective breeding, gene splicing, cloning, genetically modified organisms, gene therapy).
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